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Collectively work to safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and … The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) (formerly Organization of the Islamic Conference) is the second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations which has membership of 57 states spread over four continents. ACMECS is a cooperation framework among Cambodia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Myanmar, Thailand, and Viet Nam to utilize member countries’ diverse strengths and to promote balanced development in the subregion. The Council of Heads of States is the apex decision-making body in the SCO. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Finally, it is important to note that the SCO provides an opportunity for the Indian leadership to connect with the leadership of the Central Asian countries. "logo": { The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an international organisation that works to build better policies for better lives. During the meeting the members of the Shanghai cooperation organisation adopted four documents. What is (SCO) shanghai cooperation organization UPSC? : Indian Prime Minister stress on “territorial integrity” in recent submit on SCO without referring Pakistan and China. It’s a Eurasian political, economic, and military organization aiming to maintain peace, security, and stability in the region. SCO membership will help India to be a major pan-Asian player, which is currently boxed in the South Asian Region. Headquarters: Paris, France. Afghanistan and Serbia hold observer status in the CSTO. The TAPI gas pipeline is an example of a mutually beneficial project. This article will describe in detail the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO). The official working languages of the Shanghai Cooperation organization are Chinese and Russian. a) World Trade Organization (WTO) b) International Monetary Fund (IMF) c) World Economic Forum (WEF) d) Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) See More IASbaba Today at 5:06 AM The Secretariat of the SCO is the primary executive body of the organization. The MOO outlined various obligations to be fulfilled by India in a sequential step-by-step and time bound manner to obtain full membership. }, ; Its decisions are influential and help to bring about reform at national and multinational levels. The historical meeting of the Heads of State Council of the SCO held in June 2017 in Astana, the status of a full member of the Organization was granted to the Republic of India and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan in this meeting. The Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) is an intergovernmental organization involving seven Asian and three Eurasian nations, part of the South- central Asian Union. This will help in global economic growth as the SCO countries collectively account to 1/7 the of global trade in goods and 1/8th of global trade in commercial services. The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, also known as the Shanghai Pact, is a Eurasian political, economic, and military organisation which was founded in 2001 in Shanghai. SCO is a permanent intergovernmental international organisation, the creation of which was announced on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai … The exercise involved tactical level operations in an international counter insurgency or counter terrorism environment under the SCO Charter. Presently Russia is the Chair of SCO for 2019-20. "@type": "Organization", Maintain and ensure peace, security and stability in the region. In the future, India’s development experience, particularly in promoting agriculture, small and medium enterprises, pharmaceuticals, and information technology, can be of immense benefit to Central Asian countries. "name": "civils360" The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a permanent international intergovernmental organization. "dateModified": "2020-12-07" "@type": "Article", "@type": "ImageObject", It serves to implement organizational decisions and decrees, documents (such as declarations and agendas), functions as a document depository for the organization, arranges specific activities within the SCO framework, and promotes and disseminates information about the SCO. The OIC is an international organization founded in 1969. The Treaty came into force on April 20, 1994 for five-year period. India’s entry into SCO as a full member since 9 June 2017, has been further activated with the establishment of the SCO Division in MEA and appointment of National Coordinator and Permanent Representative to SCO. Follow us on YouTube for regular updates & videos that are to the point, exam oriented & time saving. The original Shanghai Five were China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan. aspirants can find more notes for UPSC Mains General Studies topics from the links given at the end of the article. The major interest is in energy co-operation. "name": "civils360 ias", Your email address will not be published. One reason is simply that India does not share common land-borders with the region, but another factor has been the infrequent visits at the highest level between India and Central Asian states. "@context": "https://schema.org", Our goal is to shape policies that foster prosperity, equality, opportunity and well-being for all. Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra of Thailand initiated the establishment of this cooperation framework in April 2003. These countries, except for Uzbekistan, had been members of the Shanghai Five group, formed on 26 April 1996 with the signing of the Treaty on Deepening Military Trust in Border. The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a eight-member multilateral organization, established on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai, China by the leaders of China, UPSC The SCO Heads of Government Council (HGC) meets once a year to discuss the organization’s multilateral cooperation strategy and priority areas, to resolve current important economic and other cooperation issues. Presently the dialogue partners of SCO are Armenia, Azerbaijan, Cambodia, Nepal (was granted dialogue partner status in the SCO at 2015 summit, Ufa, Russia), Sri Lanka (was granted dialogue partner status at the SCO at 2009 summit,Yekaterinburg) and Turkey (a member of NATO, was granted dialogue partner status at the SCO at 2012 summit, Beijing). As per the obligations under MOO, India had acceded to 34 SCO Agreements including the SCO Charter and Shanghai Convention on Combating Terrorism, Separatism and Extremism and 3 additional SCO Agreements that entered into force after signing the MOO. Also in his ‘HEALTH’ acronym, the alphabet ‘A’ refers to alternative energy. India took part in an anti-terror drill of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) from August 22 to 29, 2018 in Chebarkul, Russia. Register ; Whats New (Hourly Updated) UPSC Exam Calendar 2021 Several agreements were signed and new initiatives were launched. This is the fundamental statutory document which outlines the organisation’s goals and principles, structure and core activities. These UPSC Notes on The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) are aligned with the UPSC Syllabus and aspirants should prepare this topic for General Studies Paper-II. Strengthening mutual trust and neighbourliness among the member states. India was granted Observer status at the July 2005 Astana Summit, and subsequently participated in all SCO forums open to Observers. The SCO has established relations with the United Nations in 2004 (where it is an observer in the General Assembly), Commonwealth of Independent States in 2005, Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in 2005, the Collective Security Treaty Organization in 2007, the Economic Cooperation Organization in 2007, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime in 2011, the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA) in 2014, and the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific in 2015 (ESCAP), United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) in 2018. The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is a regional economic forum established in 1989 to leverage the growing interdependence of the Asia-Pacific. India’s membership in the SCO will provide an opportunity for the leadership of India, including prime ministers, to meet with their counterparts from Central Asia, Russia, China, Afghanistan, and others regularly and frequently. The Group of Twenty (G20) is the central forum for international cooperation on financial and economic issues.. “The SCO was created as a regional organisation to tackle peace and security, to tackle the challenges of terrorism, extremism and separatism, and to promote trade and cooperation and cultural partnerships,”. Strengthening mutual trust and neighborliness among the member states; To promote their effective cooperation in trade, politics, research, the economy, technology, and culture. The position of Dialogue Partner was established in 2008 in accordance with Article 14 of the SCO Charter of 7 June 2002. India’s participation in the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) will be an added advantage to make this partnership more fruitful. The organisation pursues its internal policy based on the principles of mutual benefit, mutual trust, mutual consultations, equality, respect for cultural diversity, and a desire for common development, while the external policy is conducted under the principles of non-targeting and non-alignment. It is here that he speaks about India’s experience in terms of focusing on renewable energy. It provides a platform to discuss ways to improve development and promote trade, and investment opportunities. 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It is regional economic forum of 21 Pacific Rim member economies that promotes free trade throughout the Asia-Pacific region. Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) 15th June 2001: Beijing, China: 8 members, 4 observers, 6 dialogue partners, and . Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) | A counter-coalition of Eurasian power Context: External Affairs Minister (EAM) S. Jaishankar’s visit to Russia to participate at the SCO foreign ministers’ meet during which India and China agreed to de-escalate the tension which was flared up along Indo-China border in recent months. "mainEntityOfPage": { But India will also have to deal with an assertive China, which will push its Belt and Road Initiative. This was the first time India participated in the SCO military exercises since becoming a full member of the SCO in June 2017. "@type": "WebPage", Countries also committed to supporting the World Trade Organisation structure. The Council of Heads of Governments is the second- highest council in the organization. Documents adopted during the meet. HOME . Promoting effective cooperation in -politics, trade & economy, research & technology and culture. "url": "https://civils360.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/banner-logo.png" Enhancing ties in education, energy, transport, tourism, environmental protection, etc. Dr. Hadi Soleimanpour . The Economic Cooperation Organization or ECO is an Asian political and economic intergovernmental organization which was founded in 1985 in Tehran by the leaders of Iran, Pakistan, and Turkey.It provides a platform to discuss ways to improve development and promote trade and investment opportunities. We draw on 60 years of experience and insights to better prepare the world of tomorrow. The SCO is primarily centred on its member nations’ Central Asian security-related concerns, often describing the main threats it confronts as being terrorism, separatism and extremism. India also called for an international conference on terrorism, the SCO can take a lead in that. A total of 22 outcome documents were signed including the Joint Communique and Appeal to Youth against radicalization. ! The creation of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation was announced in June 2001 in Shanghai (China) by the Republic of Kazakhstan, the People’s Republic of China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Republic of Uzbekistan, The Russian Federation,  and the Republic of Tajikistan. We are a team of aspirants & officers with hands on teaching experience aiming to create a one stop learning journey for UPSC aspirants. { “It will be the first time that a summit-level meeting will be held under India’s chairmanship, since it gained full membership of the organisation in 2017,”. Aim : to create greater prosperity for the people of the region by promoting balanced, inclusive, sustainable, innovative and secure growth and by accelerating regional economic integration. 4 guest attendances. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the then security and economic architecture in the Eurasian region dissolved and new structures had to come up. "datePublished": "2020-12-07", "headline": "Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)", This article will describe in detail the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO). The security, strategic, economic and geopolitical interests are also closely intertwined with developments in this area, The challenges of terrorism, radicalism, and instability pose a grave threat to Indian sovereignty and integrity. The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) It was formed on June 6, 1997, and on June 6, 2017, it celebrated 20 years since its formation The countries in the grouping are India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Thailand. The Chairmanship of SCO is by rotation for a year by Member States. Establishment of a democratic, fair and rational new international political & economic order. This year (2019), our PM has come up with another innovative acronym called HEALTH which brings together the Indian experience in development, and India’s experience in engagement with other countries. "@type": "", India's Largest Community for IAS, UPSC, Civil Services Aspirants. The cooperation was renamed to Shanghai Cooperation Organisation after Uzbekistan joined the … Which of the following organizations brings out the publication known as ‘World Economic Outlook’? These countries, except for Uzbekistan, had been members of the Shanghai Five group, formed on 26 April 1996 with the signing of the Treaty on Deepening Military Trust in Border", Follow us on YouTube for regular updates & videos that are to the point, exam oriented & time saving. Due to its unique international character, and the powers vested in its founding Charter, the Organization can take action on a wide range of issues, and provide a forum for its 193 Member States to express their views, through the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council and other bodies and committees. The SCO, an intergovernmental body for security and economic cooperation in the Eurasian region, was formed in 2001 by the ‘Shanghai Five’ (China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan). Shanghai Cooperation Organisation SCO. We believe Discipline, Dedication and Consistency are the secrets to Success. Aspirants can check BYJU’S UPSC Notes page for free GS1, GS2, and GS 3 notes. }, A stable Afghanistan too is in India’s interest, and RATS provides access to non-Pakistan-centred counter-terrorism information. • In 1992, the Organization was expanded to include seven new members, namely: Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, }, Founding members: China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. We are a team of aspirants & officers with hands on teaching experience aiming to create a one stop learning journey for UPSC aspirants. All The Best!! The ECO intergovernmental machinery and institutional arrangements, as one of the most prominent regional economic groups in the world, are vividly interacting with the emerging and trending global issues, particularly the UN-sponsored global agendas. and aspirants should prepare this topic for General Studies Paper-II. Indian PM also specifically spoke about radicalization as well. India has demonstrated its keen interest in strengthening multi-faceted relations with Central Asia through Prime Minister’s historic visit to the five Central Asian Republics in July 2015. In 1993, Azerbaijan, Belarus and Georgia joined the Treaty. promoting economic, technical and cultural cooperation among the Member States. The G20 countries account for more than 80% of gross world product and three-quarters of global trade, and are home to almost two-thirds of the world’s population. Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) APEC is the premier Asia-Pacific economic forum.Primary goal is to support sustainable economic growth and prosperity in the Asia-Pacific region. The supreme decision-making body in the SCO is the Heads of State Council (HSC). There are 4 Observer States interested in acceding to full membership: Central Asia is part of India’s extended neighborhood. The growing closeness of Russia and China. "description": "The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a eight-member multilateral organization, established on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai, China by the leaders of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. The ECO is an ad hoc organisation under the United … The SCO was formed in 2001, with Uzbekistan included. Objective: Raise the collective voice of the Muslim world. The Central Asian region is richly endowed with vital minerals and natural resources. Opportunities for economic cooperation had a special focus, and SCO countries committed to strengthening economic cooperation. The joint communiqué issued at the end of the meeting that focused on trade and economic issues, committed to: Cooperation on the prevention and control of infectious and non-infectious diseases, It was formed in the wake of the Soviet Union’s collapse in 1991. With the landlocked states of Central Asia, and Uzbekistan even doubly landlocked, accessing these resources becomes difficult. The organization has two permanent bodies — First is the Executive Committee of the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) based in Tashkent and second is the SCO Secretariat based in Beijing. The SCO Charter entered into force on 19 September 2003. "publisher": { Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) - UPSC Current Affairs Insight. India is a member country since 9th June 2017. IAS Exam aspirants can find more notes for UPSC Mains General Studies topics from the links given at the end of the article. It was created in 2001. India and Pakistan … Thereafter, the next SCO Summit in July 2015 in Ufa (Russia), declared the initiation of the process of accession of India’s (and Pakistan’s) full membership in SCO. Education, transport, energy, environmental protection, tourism, and other areas; Making joint efforts to maintain and ensure security, stability, and peace in the region; Moving towards the establishment of a democratic, rational, and fair new international economic and political order. Required fields are marked *, Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Sco UPSC Notes, These UPSC Notes on The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) are aligned with the. SCO is a Eurasian economic, political and security organization. Most OECD members are high-income economies with a very high Human Development Index (HDI) and are regarded as developed countries. Also, building more people-to-people ties, tourism and cultural bonds within the grouping was stressed upon. Administrative centre (headquarters): Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Other documents pertained to Prevention of Narcotics Abuse, Environmental Protection, Fight against threat of Epidemics, Trade Facilitation, MSMEs, Customs and Tourism. "image": "https://civils360.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/sco.jpg", India formally submitted an application for the full membership to the then SCO Chair, Tajikistan, prior to the SCO Summit in Dushanbe in September 2014. The Collective Security Treaty was signed by Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan on May 15, 1992. Tuesday, December 1, 2020. Your email address will not be published. Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development The OECD is an intergovernmental economic organisation, founded to stimulate economic progress and world trade. }, The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a eight-member multilateral organization, established on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai, China by the leaders of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. ! India requested access to intelligence and information from SCO’s counter-terrorism body, the Tashkent- based Regional Anti-Terror Structure (RATS). } The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Charter was signed during the St.Petersburg SCO Heads of State meeting in June 2002. cooperation syllabus (These syllabus may change from time to time. The Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC) was founded to govern the predominantly US-funded Marshall Plan for post-war reconstruction on the continent. Please check with the relevant Public Service Commission websites for any changes in the syllabus) In this regard, India has prioritized the construction of the International North-South Transport Joining SCO, it will help India to connect with South Asian states. Members: It consists of 57 member states including Iran and Pakistan. Strengthening mutual trust and neighborliness among the member states; SCO is a permanent intergovernmental international organization. The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC; / eɪ p ɛ k / AY-pek) is an inter-governmental forum for 21 member economies in the Pacific Rim that promotes free trade throughout the Asia-Pacific region. The Director of the Executive Committee of the SCO RATS and SCO Secretary-General are appointed by the Council of Heads of State for a term of 3years. It is important to note that radicalization is an issue that bedevils the Central Asian Region in a very big way. "author": { 2 observers United Nations (UN) 24th October 1945: New York City, USA: 193 members. SCO is Part of India’s stated policy of pursuing, With the Indian perspective, the strategic and geographical space in which the SCO straddles is extremely important. "@id": "https://civils360.com/2020/12/07/shanghai-cooperation-organisation-sco" Focus on Afghanistan (as a matter of fact, this is very significant), even though Afghanistan is not a member of the SCO, but India has a contact group on Afghanistan, and the Prime Minister underlined what India’s fundamental position on Afghanistan is. All The Best!! These UPSC Notes on The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) are aligned with the UPSC Syllabus and aspirants should prepare this topic for General Studies Paper-II.. Read about the international organisation and also relations with India and other member states. shanghai cooperation organisation (sco) , Why in News ? It expanded in 2017 to include India and Pakistan. This Council meets at the SCO summits, which are held each year in one of the member states’ capital cities. Prime Minister also touched upon regional cooperation and spoke about how India is willing to share its expertise in all these areas. In the acronym that the PM gave, called, “HEALTH”, the alphabet “T” stands for countries that stand against terrorism. Shanghai Cooperation Organisation The SCO is a political, economic and security organisation of China, Russia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. It’s a Eurasian political, economic and military organisation aiming to maintain peace, security and stability in the region. India’s relations with countries in the region have enormous potential for enhancing ties in areas such as economy, security, policy, investment, trade, connectivity, energy, and capacity development. The Organization is the collective voice of the Muslim world and ensuring to safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in … • ECO is the successor organization of Regional Cooperation for Development (RCD) which remained in existence from 1964 up to 1979. Following the success of ASEAN's series of post-ministerial conferences launched in the mid-1980s, APEC started in 1989, in response to the growing interdependence of Asia-Pacific … The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) (UPSC Notes – GS 2):-Download PDF Here. These are topics that frequently find mention in the newspapers and is hence, relevant for the IAS Mains. Read about the international organisation and also relations with India and other member states. The HSC meets once in a year and adopts guidelines and decisions on all important matters of the SCO. What is Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) ?. We believe Discipline, Dedication and Consistency are the secrets to Success. Founded: 1961. Plan of Action for SCO Treaty on Long term Good Neighbourliness, Friendship and Cooperation for 2018-2022 and Protocol on the SCO-Afghanistan Contact Group were also signed. 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Since 9th June 2017 free GS1, GS2, and investment opportunities for. Founding members: China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan economic cooperation organization upsc Russia and Tajikistan and even... For an international conference on terrorism, the alphabet ‘ a ’ refers to alternative energy time... Forums open to observers 1945: new York City, USA: 193 members about India ’ a! Cooperation Organisation ( SCO )? an example of a democratic, fair and rational new political... Appeal to Youth against radicalization was the first time India participated in all forums... All these areas Largest Community for IAS, UPSC, Civil Services aspirants & time saving operations... With an assertive China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan members: China, Kazakhstan,,... Multinational levels OEEC ) was founded to govern the predominantly US-funded Marshall for... Policies for better lives the South Asian region, tourism, environmental protection,.!

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